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Welcome to Cidade de Évora, Portugal - Evoracity.NET  Welcome to Cidade de Évora, Portugal - Evoracity.NET

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 57

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryLibrary::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 64

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryLibrary::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/library/library.php on line 44

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryOrdering::getOrderingString() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 969

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImageFront::displayCategoryImageOrNoImage() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1061

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 335

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 336

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::getFormatIcon() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 337

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1062

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1069

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1070

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryRoute::getImageRoute() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1078

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryRoute::_findItem() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/route.php on line 175

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/route.php on line 191

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getFileOriginal() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1079

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 108

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPicasa::correctSizeWithRate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1291

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::setBoxSize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1310

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPicasa::correctSizeWithRate() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1529

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImageFront::displayCategoryImageOrNoImage() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1061

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 335

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 336

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::getFormatIcon() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 337

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1062

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1069

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1070

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryRoute::getImageRoute() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1078

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryRoute::_findItem() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/route.php on line 175

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/route.php on line 191

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getFileOriginal() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1079

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 108

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::correctSize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1301

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::setBoxSize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1310

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImageFront::displayCategoryImageOrNoImage() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1061

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 335

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 336

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::getFormatIcon() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/image/imagefront.php on line 337

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1062

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1069

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFileThumbnail::getThumbnailName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1070

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getTitleFromFile() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/filethumbnail.php on line 25

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::removeExtension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryRoute::getImageRoute() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1078

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryRoute::_findItem() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/route.php on line 175

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/route.php on line 191

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryFile::getFileOriginal() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1079

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/file/file.php on line 108

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::correctSize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1301

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryImage::setBoxSize() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagallery/phocagallery.php on line 1310

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/plugins/content/phocagalleryslideshow/phocagalleryslideshow.php on line 40

Deprecated: Non-static method PhocaGalleryPath::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/evoracit/public_html/administrator/components/com_phocagallery/libraries/phocagallery/path/path.php on line 36
domingo, 20 maio 2007 12:56

Nota Histórica de Évora

Neste sítio tão acomodado fundou Elisa esta cidade, 145 anos depois do Dilúvio e 2164 antes do nascimento de Cristo, impondo-lhe o nome de Ébora. Alguns autores crêm que se chamasse também Luso ou Lísias e que deste nome tivera a sua origem o nome de Lusitânia. Dizem que o primeiro Rei desta cidade tivera uma filha hermafrodita, que nomeara Elbora. Morrendo o pai, chamado Elbur, casou-se e teve uma filha que nomeou Évora. Falecendo a sua mulher, tornou a casar, tendo uma filha chamada Elbora e um filho chamado Evorinho. Que desta Elbora e de Évora tomara a cidade o nome (Franco 1945).

Segundo Túlio Espanca (1980), as primeiras referências sobre a cidade provêm de Plínio, que lhe chamara Ebora Cerealis, titulo proveniente da fertilidade do solo, ainda antes do período romano, ponto fortificado de certa importância, integrada na nação lusitana fora capital do reino céltico de Astolpas, sogro de Viriato. Transformada em cidade itinerária e viária de notável interesse económico do sul do Tejo, foi conquistada por Júnio Bruto no século II a.C. Após a ocupação dos romanos, estes foram cedendo aos vencidos territórios entre o Guadiana e o Tejo, para onde se foram transferindo numerosas tribos lusitanas de origem galaica. Durante o governo de Júlio César, a região esteve pacificada e a cidade de Ebora, com o Título de Liberalitas (Liberdade), de homenagem a Júpiter, passou-se a chamar Liberalitas Julia, grande cidade de direito latino.

Foi conquistada aos Mouros em Outubro de 1165 por Giraldo Geraldo, o Sem Pavor, data em que se restaurou a sua diocese. Por intermédio de Pedro Álvares Cogominho, seu companheiro de armas, entregou-a a D.. Afonso Henriques, que a aceitou, nomeando-o primeiro alcaide e enviando-lhe soldados e colonos. Não mais a cidade deixou de ser cristã, muito embora corresse o risco de ser tomada no célebre cerco de 1180-1181, posto por Mohammed Ibn Yussuf Ibn Wamudin, sendo Mestre de Évora Gonçalo Viegas.

Foi residência régia durante largos períodos, essencialmente nos reindados de D.João II, D.Manuel I e D.João III. O seu prestígio foi particularmente notável no século XVI, quando foi elevada a metrópole eclesiástica e foi fundada a Universidade de Évora (afecta à Companhia de Jesus), pelo Cardeal Infante D.Henrique, primeiro Arcebispo da cidade. Durante toda a Idade Média, mas especialmente com a dinastia de Avis, Évora foi uma das mais importantes cidades do reino. No início do século XVI, ainda tinha praticamente o mesmo número de habitantes que o Porto. Um rude golpe para Évora foi a extinção da prestigiada instituição universitária, em 1759 (que só seria restaurada cerca de dois séculos depois), na sequência da expulsão dos Jesuítas do país, por ordem do Marquês de Pombal. Évora é testemunho de diversos estilos e corentes estéticas, sendo ao longo do tempo dotada de obras de arte a ponto de ser classificada pela UNESCO, em 1986, como Património Comum da Humanidade.

Publicado em História de Évora

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